Scaffolding is an impermanent arrangement which is utilized to assist workers and materials while repairing or building edifices and other forms of big constructions. Scaffolding is normally carried out as a standard structure of metal tubes and pipes. However, it can also be carried out with other substances like bamboo, which is often used in the Asian continent.
Types of scaffolding: An overview
There are different types of scaffolding that are used to construct or repair buildings. Given below are some basic methods of scaffolding:
1) Suspended scaffolding
Suspended scaffolding is that form of scaffolding where the scaffold is hung with cord from the ceiling or top of a construction or structure. This type of scaffolding comprises levers, pulleys, and switches. With the help of this, construction workers can get themselves down from the roof of the structure to the base and the other way around.
This form of scaffold is also known as swing stage scaffold since it can be elevated or brought down with the help of a platform which hangs freely. Window washers normally use these structures.
2) Supported scaffolding
If the scaffold is made from the base upward, then it is termed as supported scaffolding. This comprises timber and rods for creating an ensnared support. The construction workers can ascend a ladder for getting on this scaffold and carry out their activities from the halfway length of the structure, which is known as platform. This form is one of the exclusive forms of scaffolding which enables the construction workers to either be confined or restricted to the ground/base with reinforcements or absolutely moving when wheels are connected to the base of the reinforcements.
3) Aerial lifts
This is another form of scaffolds. Aerial lifts are essentially elevated equipments which come with the facility to be brought up and taken to other heights and places. It is beneficial for the construction workers because while they feel the requirement for the whole scaffold to be transported to an entirely separate situation, it helps. Nonetheless, in order to make this successful, you will need to fix chains to stop them from being unintentionally detached from the lift bearing the hoist.
4) Independent or birdcage scaffolding
This form of scaffold comprises over two strings of perpendicular rods or upright beams that are joined by flat parts, mostly windowpanes or ledgers. The plan is to use it for one tier only, for instance activities and repair work carried out on a roof.
The single pole scaffold comprises only one string of upright poles and it entirely depends on the construction for which it has been positioned as reinforcement.
5) Mobile scaffolding
In mobile scaffolding, wheels are used which facilitate mobility from one position to another.
6) Fixed scaffolding
This scaffold is static on one position and it is preferred for construction activities which might require certain amount of time to finish.
7) Cantilever scaffolding
In this structure, the scaffold is reinforced or joined at one part only.
Other than the abovementioned forms of scaffolding, the following types are also used:
- Stack scaffolds and roof saddle
- Tube and coupler
- Tubular welded frame
- Manually propelled mobile scaffolds
- Rotating and elevating work platforms
- Mason’s adjustable multi-point suspension scaffolds
- Two-point suspension swinging scaffolds
- Single-point adjustable suspension scaffolds
- Boatswain’s chairs
- Carpenters’ bracket
- Stone setters’ multi-point adjustable suspension scaffolds
- Needle beam
- Ship or float
- Chicken ladders/crawling boards
- Roofing brackets
- Window jacks
- Pump jack
Author Bio: Daniel is a well-known blogger who has been writing top quality articles and blogs on construction businesses and different types of scaffolding.